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To Hegel, the two conflicting ideas are reconciled to form a new proposition.Therefore, Hegelianism can be summed up as “the rational alone is real”, which means that all reality is capable of being expressed in rational categories.
That result will develop an opposing force of its own and the ensuing battle yields another result.
The objective reality we have right now has incorporated within it all previous “battles” of thesis and antithesis since the beginning of time, meaning that—according to the theory—we are living in a progressive arc to absolute truth and world perfection.
In Phenomenology’s macrodialectic, Hegel’s nonsupernatural Spirit–all reality, everything in the universe, including man and artificial objects–advances from unconscious union (thesis) to conscious separation (antithesis) to a synthesis of conscious (from the antithesis) union (from the thesis).
Previous interpretations of Phenomenology have missed this dialectic: they have assumed that Spirit’s journey begins with consciousness, whereas the journey actually begins in the primordial state of nature, before man arrives and provides Spirit with its Mind (the collective mind of man).
Thus, in Hegel’s master-and-slave dialectic (God = master, man = slave), man advances from potential freedom to actual bondage (religiosity) to actual freedom (atheism).
Only Marx and Tillich understood Hegelian dialectics.The back-and-forth debate between opposing sides produces a kind of linear progression or evolution in philosophical views or positions.Hegel saw this method of a back-and-forth dialectic between Socrates and his interlocutors thus becomes Plato’s way of arguing against the earlier, less sophisticated views or positions and for the more sophisticated ones later.The final result from that clash, the synthesis, is the best conclusion.In all likelihood, the synthesis is not the final and absolute truth.Hegelianism is the philosophy of George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) that can be summed up by his “Dialectics” which is a term used to describe a method of philosophical argument that sees the world in two opposing forces thesis, antithesis, that then produce the synthesis.The triad of thesis, antithesis, synthesis was never used the terminology by Hegel himself. However, the relationship between the these three abstract terms of the triad is what has become known as Hegel’s dialectical method of reasoning.For example, Hegel’s work on logic presents the two opposing sides are different definitions of logical concepts.Hegel acknowledged that his dialectical method was part of a philosophical tradition stretching back to Plato, he criticized Plato’s version of dialectics.Marx’s basic dialectic (one of four) saw history separating from and returning to Communism, going from communal ownership poverty (primitive communism, or gens) to private ownership wealth (slavery, feudalism, capitalism) to communal ownership wealth (final communism).Tillich’s basic dialectic (one of many) separates from and returns to God, advancing from Yes to God Yes to supernaturalism (theism) to No to God No to supernaturalism (atheism) to Yes to God No to supernaturalism (humanism: humanity is the nonsupernatural “God above the God of theism”).