Term Papers On Gang Violence

Term Papers On Gang Violence-30
Significant effort and resources have been directed toward decreasing gang membership and activity.Studies have suggested that comprehensive community-based programs are most effective.Successful programs generally have integrated strategies of community mobilization, youth opportunities, social intervention, suppression, and organizational change.

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Often, gangs operated to defend and assert the interests of ethnic groups new to the local society or region; thus, the most visible and violent gangs in each period had their roots in the latest wave of immigration. law-enforcement officials contended that gangs posed a greater threat to public safety than ever before.

For example, Irish gangs were prevalent in the Gangs largely faded from the American landscape during the Great Depression and World War II only to reemerge in the late 1950s. Crime statistics in the 1990s suggested that gangs were responsible for a large percentage of homicide cases and for about two-fifths of illegal drug sales in urban areas.

There is no consensus on the exact definition of a gang, however, and scholars have debated whether the definition should expressly include involvement in crime.

Some gangs, but not all, have strong leadership, formalized rules, and extensive use of common identifying symbols.

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We use cookies to offer you a better experience, personalize content, tailor advertising, provide social media features, and better understand the use of our services.By the turn of the 21st century, researchers estimated that there were 750,000 active gang members in the United States participating in roughly 25,000 gangs.Gangs were documented in every state, in large and small cities, and in urban and rural counties, though the highest levels of gang-related crime occurred in urban centres, particularly Los Angeles and Chicago.Although some works have compared American and European gangs (e.g., The U. government estimated that at the turn of the 21st century nearly half of all gang members in the country were Hispanic, about one-third were African American, about one-eighth were white, and about one-twentieth were Asian.Research has consistently indicated that fewer than one-tenth of gang members are female, though some surveys suggested that females account for more than one-fourth of gang membership. About two-fifths of gang members are under the age of 17, and almost nine-tenths are under 25.Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!We use cookies to make interactions with our website easy and meaningful, to better understand the use of our services, and to tailor advertising.For further information, including about cookie settings, please read our Cookie Policy .Europe following the dissolution of the Soviet Union.Across the globe, youth gangs exist wherever there are cities, and they often operate in association with adult organized-crime syndicates.

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