Dieting, "clean eating" and compulsive exercise are often precursors to full-bown eating disorders.
There is a common misconception that symptoms must be severe in order to seek professional help, but any symptom is cause for concern and it is best to intervene early.
A second study found that the elevated mortality risks for bulimia nervosa and eating disorder not otherwise specified (now recognized as OSFED, other specified feeding or eating disorder) were similar to those for anorexia nervosa.
An important thing to remember is that most complications can be reversed or improved with adequate and timely treatment.
Many people with eating disorders respond to outpatient therapy, including individual, group or family therapy, and medical management by their primary care provider.
Support groups, nutrition counseling and psychiatric medications administered under careful medical supervision have also proven helpful for some individuals.Sociocultural and psychological factors: Eating disorders can impact relationships wtih family members, friends and coworkers, as well as functioning in academic settings and the workplace.The health consequences of eating disorders-- including heart disease, osteoperosis, and tooth decay-- can have long-lasting negative effects.Bulimia Nervosa is characterized primarily by a cycle of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors, such as self-induced vomiting, in an attempt to counteract the effects of binge eating.Symptoms include: Health consequences include heart failure, gastric rupture, tooth decay, rupture of the esophagus and pancreatitis.Ideally, whatever treatment is offered should be tailored to the individual; this will vary according to both the severity of the disorder and the patient's individual problems, needs and strengths.Treatment must address the eating disorder symptoms and medical consequences, as well as psychological, biological, interpersonal and cultural forces that contribute to or maintain the eating disorder.Eating disorders are treatable, and earlier diagnosis and intervention often leads to better outcomes.The most effective and long-lasting treatment for an eating disorder is some form of psychotherapy or counseling, coupled with careful attention to medical and nutritional needs.Aside from the medical complications associated with eating disorders, they carry a significantly elevated mortality rate.In one study, people with anorexia nervosa had a six-fold increase in mortality compared to the general population.