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Keywords: Use of religion for war, use of religion for peace | Peace according Islam | | To analyse conflicts from a cultural point of view | India | Pakistan Both religion and politics have one common goal: that is to acquire political power and use it to fulfill their aims.However, to achieve this object, their methods are different.
On this plea it persists to retain its old structure without any addition.
At this stage there remain three options for any religion: The helplessness of religion is obvious in the present circumstances in which scientific and technological inventions are rapidly changing the society and its character making it more complex and mechanical.
There are groups of people in every society who want change in their practical life but at the same time they desire not to abandon religion.
These people become supporters of new interpretation of religion that suits their way of life. Therefore, we find that in every religion, there are new sects, which fulfill the demands of a group of people within a span of time and then disappear in oblivion of history. For example, in the Christianity, when bourgeoisie wanted religious sanction of interest, Calvin (d.1594) a religious reformer, allowed it on the basis of religion. Tawney, in his classical book ‘Religion and Rise of Capitalism’ rightly says, I.
However, it was settled that in practice the caliph would remain absolute in administrative and political matters but he would not interfere in the affairs of the shariat nor would make any effort to change it. It is how religion and politics separated with each other in the early stage of Islamic history.
As a result of this settlement, a system emerged in which the ruler had unlimited power.The Iranian bureaucracy was opposed by ulema who strove to curtail the power of the caliph in view of the shariat (religious laws).As the Iranians had political and military support, they cornered ulema in their efforts and made the caliph a Persian king along with all royal symbols and rituals which once prevailed at the Sassanid court.Professional bureaucracy to administer the state and its affairs supported him.Ulema joined the state as qazi (judge), mufti (interpreter of law), muhtasib (ombudsman) and as imam (prayer leader).He is not under the control of divinity to remain submissive and inactive.On the contrary, he is supposed to initiate and plan to build a society according to his vision.Religion mobilizes religious sensibilities of people in order to get their support to capture power; while politics uses intrigue, diplomacy, and makes attempt to win public opinion either democratically, if the system allows it, or usurps power with the help of army, if the society is under-developed and backward.Therefore, in power struggle, both politics and religion make attempts to undermine each other.However, with the change of time there are new challenges and a religion has to respond them for its survival.In this process, it has to adjust its teachings according to changes.