Reign Of Terror Essay

Reign Of Terror Essay-26
Several historians consider the "reign of terror" to have begun in 1793, placing the starting date at either 5 September, There was a sense of emergency among leading politicians in France in the summer of 1793 between the widespread civil war and counter-revolution.Bertrand Barère exclaimed on 5 September 1793 in the Convention: "Let's make terror the order of the day!

Several historians consider the "reign of terror" to have begun in 1793, placing the starting date at either 5 September, There was a sense of emergency among leading politicians in France in the summer of 1793 between the widespread civil war and counter-revolution.Bertrand Barère exclaimed on 5 September 1793 in the Convention: "Let's make terror the order of the day!Massive reforms of military institutions, while very effective in the long run, presented the initial problems of inexperienced forces and leaders of questionable political loyalty.

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However, at this point, the war was only Prussia and Austria against France.

France began this war with a large series of defeats which set a precedent of fear of invasion in the people that would last throughout the war.

While the French military had stabilized and was producing victories by the time the Reign of Terror officially began, the pressure to succeed in this international struggle acted as justification for the government to pursue its tyrannical actions.

It was not until after the execution of Louis XVI and the annexation of the Rhineland that the other monarchies began to feel threatened enough to form the First Coalition.

The Terror took the lives of between 18,500 to 40,000 people.

Robespierre died due to the Thermidorian Reaction against the Jacobins.Robespierre believed that the virtue needed for any democratic government was extremely lacking in the French people.As a result, he decided to weed out those he believed could never possess this virtue. The Convention used this as justification for the course of action to "crush the enemies of the revolution, ... and let liberty be saved." These members of the Enlightenment movement greatly influenced revolutionary leaders; however, cautions from other Enlightenment thinkers were blatantly ignored.The Reign of Terror or simply The Terror was a period of about 11 months during the French Revolution.During this time, French people who did not support the revolution were executed at the guillotine.Well phrased by Albert Soboul, "terror, at first an improvised response to defeat, once organized became an instrument of victory." The threat of defeat and foreign invasion may have helped spur the origins of the terror, but the timely success of the Terror with French victories added justification to its growth.During the Reign of Terror, the sans-culottes and the Hébertists put pressure on the National Convention delegates and contributed to the overall instability of France.On 27 August 1791, these foreign leaders made the Pillnitz Declaration saying they would restore the French monarch if other European rulers joined.In response to what they viewed to be the meddling of foreign powers, France declared war on 20 April 1792.Rousseau's Social Contract argued that each person was born with rights, and they would come together to form a government that would then protect those rights.Under the social contract, the government was required to act for the general will, which represented the interests of everyone rather than a few factions.

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