(free translation) In the world of computing, we are accustomed to viruses, trojans, hackers, phishing, spamming and so on, and for these we set up firewalls, antivirus programs, blacklists, passwords and all other kinds of security. The people who create and use those “IT works” are computer science graduates who often develop these programs as part of their studies or simply as personal challenges, even just for fun. Duplicate and fake publications in the scientific literature: how many SCIgen papers in computer science.
(free translation) In the world of computing, we are accustomed to viruses, trojans, hackers, phishing, spamming and so on, and for these we set up firewalls, antivirus programs, blacklists, passwords and all other kinds of security. The people who create and use those “IT works” are computer science graduates who often develop these programs as part of their studies or simply as personal challenges, even just for fun. Duplicate and fake publications in the scientific literature: how many SCIgen papers in computer science.Tags: Solve Limit ProblemsEssay On Nepal On The World MapChechnya Photo EssayDissertation TypesMost Popular Research Paper TopicsAbsent Father Thesis5 Paragraph Essay About Technology
Two examples of generators similar to SCIgen are given below. But the one that I found most surprising of all is the one made by Philip Parker who, in his small company and with the help of a few computers and programmers, wrote 200,000 books which he sells on Amazon. Translated from the original in Spanish by Nicholas Cop Consulting. In the beginning it was just plagiarism – now its computer-generated fake papers as well [online].
Parker produces a book every 20 minutes using a patented process. El fraude en la ciencia: reflexiones a partir del caso Hwang.
This news item in Nature informed us that the fake papers had been created by a program called SCIgen – An automatic CS paper generator³, developed at MIT by three graduate students in 2005.
This program produces papers which, even thought they are fake, have excellent editing and strict maintenance of an academic format.
Writing papers is a serious business, not to be done lightly, and certainly not using a Word processor. If you're not that much of a hardcore geek, you could get away with using a graphical La Te X editor like Ly X or perhaps Kile. So what would you say if I told you you can have supreme-looking, major-conference-quality papers prepared for you in minutes? No need to actually conduct experiments and skew the data points toward predetermined conclusions.
No need to work hard on those graphs, or worse yet, compose real sentences trying to convey the message of your puny research.Once I had prepared the fake papers, I carried on with my investigation and sent these three papers that had been “written” by my librarian friends for editing in the “anti Scigen” program.I went to the page Anti Scigen⁵, and saw that the only requirement was that the group of PDF files should be sent as an file.We did what it said, and in two minutes we received the report in graphic form which can be seen below.The graphic shows three trees: In less than 10 minutes we were able to create three academic papers and have them verified by the program “anti SCIgen”. None of this is new in the field of Computing Science.Our aim here is to maximise amusement, rather than coherence³.The SCIgen program was analyzed by Cyril Labbé, a French researcher working at the IT Laboratory of the University of Grenoble, who created the program known as “anti Scigen” and then went on to publish a paper on Scientometrics⁴ in 2012 which dealt with fake computer – generated papers.In 2010, Cyril Labbé also demonstrated the vulnerability of h-index calculations based on Google Academic by feeding it with more than 100 papers generated by SCIgen which all cited each other.Using this method he succeeded in getting the totally fictitious author “Ike Antkare” ranked as the most cited author ever. I went on to the site SCIgen³ and input into the form entitled “Generate a Random Paper” the names of some of my librarian friends in the author field.I created three papers by using combinations of the different authors – and all this took me less than 5 minutes.Next I generated the PDFs for these papers and downloaded them to my computer for review. Even the bibliography was correctly laid out, and helpfully included in some of the bibliographic references were the names of my librarian friends cited as authors!!!