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Do not include context for the sake of including context: Rather, provide only what will help readers better understand the need and, especially, its importance.Consider anchoring the context in time, using phrases such as recently, in the past 10 years, or since the early 1990s.You may also want to anchor your context in space (either geographically or within a given research field).
To this end, they must emphasize both the motivation for the work and the outcome of it, and they must include just enough evidence to establish the validity of this outcome.
Papers that report experimental work are often structured chronologically in five sections: first, Introduction; then Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion (together, these three sections make up the paper's body); and finally, Conclusion.
They are more likely to be cited by other scientists if they are helpful rather than cryptic or self-centered.
Scientific papers typically have two audiences: first, the referees, who help the journal editor decide whether a paper is suitable for publication; and second, the journal readers themselves, who may be more or less knowledgeable about the topic addressed in the paper.
To be accepted by referees and cited by readers, papers must do more than simply present a chronological account of the research work.
Rather, they must convince their audience that the research presented is important, valid, and relevant to other scientists in the same field.Write four components, probably (but not necessarily) in four paragraphs: context, need, task, and object of the document.At the beginning of the Introduction section, the context and need work together as a funnel: They start broad and progressively narrow down to the issue addressed in the paper.Start by stating the actual situation (what we have) as a direct continuation of the context.If you feel you must explain recent achievements in much detail — say, in more than one or two paragraphs — consider moving the details to a section titled State of the art (or something similar) after the Introduction, but do provide a brief idea of the actual situation in the Introduction. Emphasize the contrast between the actual and desired situations with such words as but, however, or unfortunately.To spark interest among your audience — referees and journal readers alike — provide a compelling motivation for the work presented in your paper: The fact that a phenomenon has never been studied before is not, in and of itself, a reason to study that phenomenon.Write the context in a way that appeals to a broad range of readers and leads into the need.(Papers reporting something other than experiments, such as a new method or technology, typically have different sections in their body, but they include the same Introduction and Conclusion sections as described above.) Although the above structure reflects the progression of most research projects, effective papers typically break the chronology in at least three ways to present their content in the order in which the audience will most likely want to read it.First and foremost, they summarize the motivation for, and the outcome of, the work in an abstract, located before the Introduction.The traditional Results and Discussion sections are best combined because results make little sense to most readers without interpretation.When reporting and discussing your results, do not force your readers to go through everything you went through in chronological order.