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Yet you face the frustration of losing vital marks if you fail to accurately and correctly reference your work, whether using the Oxford or Harvard referencing system.This simple guide helps to explain how to reference an essay or dissertation in either style.
Tip: If you have already used the author’s name as part of your reference, it is not necessary to repeat it in the brackets. This is by no means a complete guide to the intricacies of how to reference, but it is hopefully a helpful introduction to clear up the common confusion between the two main referencing styles.
There are myriad possible tiny variants – for example in instances when a book has more than one author – so it is advisable to consult a guide or your editor or supervisor for clarification.
On any Microsoft Word document, simply click on the ‘Insert’ menu and select ‘Footnote’ (or ‘Reference’ and then choose ‘Footnote’ from the drop-down list).
Tip: Make sure you use a ‘footnote’ to place the reference at the bottom of the page, rather than an ‘endnote’, which will place it at the end of your essay. Coetzee, , Vintage, London, 1998, p.47 Tip: You can usually find the publication date and place on the reverse of the title page inside the book.
You just use minimum information that clearly indicates the text that you are referring. Use pp for the information you got from multiple pages e.g. When you use op.cit, you still provide information such as the name of the author to make your source clear. You should present your quotes in not more than 30 words in texts of related and fresh paragraphs.
For a single author: Provide all necessary information in your first footnote. Write the above abbreviations in lower case even if when they at the start of a note. Present quotations of over 30 words in separate paragraphs.
For example: Depending on a company's goals, there are a variety of reasons top management may decide to undertake cost controls; it could be for proven cost reduction (Corbridge, 1998, p.27) or to "improve corporate image in the environmental area" (Bozena, et al, 2003, p.45).
In the Harvard style, a bibliography of the all references is included as a separate section at the end of the piece of work to give full details of each text, including its title, publisher and place of publication.
Oxford style provides more detailed guidance to follow when writing.
Its main features are: The features above are the reason why people call this style as documentary-note referencing style. In academic writing, writers mostly use Oxford referencing for History, Law, and Philosophy papers.