Literature Review On Education System In Pakistan

Literature Review On Education System In Pakistan-6
Pakistan has expressed its commitment to promote education and literacy in the country by education policies at domestic level and getting involved into international commitments on education.In this regard national education policies are the visions which suggest strategies to increase literacy rate, capacity building, and enhance facilities in the schools and educational institutes.

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Assessment is based on the memory of the students rather than their performance.

On the basis of this study it is recommended that the problems can be solved by robust system of accountability, eradication of corruption, quality assessment system, non political interference, quality curriculum, teacher motivation.

Problems of access, quality, infrastructure and inequality of opportunity, remain endemic.

A) MDGs and Pakistan Due to the problems in education system of Pakistan, the country is lagging behind in achieving its MDGs of education.

The system of supervision is weak and traditionally characterized having no effective mechanism for teacher training with poor system of accountability, teachers are underpaid and successive educational policies have failed to bring any positive changes in the system due to poor implementation.

The curriculum of the primary education is outdated. Wiley Online Library requires cookies for authentication and use of other site features; therefore, cookies must be enabled to browse the site.Detailed information on how Wiley uses cookies can be found in our Privacy Policy.The system of education includes all institutions that are involved in delivering formal education (public and private, for-profit and nonprofit, onsite or virtual instruction) and their faculties, students, physical infrastructure, resources and rules.In a broader definition the system also includes the institutions that are directly involved in financing, managing, operating or regulating such institutions (like government ministries and regulatory bodies, central testing organizations, textbook boards and accreditation boards).On the basis of deeper and critical investigation into the literature, the study found that primary education is the most neglected, poorly financed and poorly managed.There is political interference in the system which breeds corruption, favoritism and nepotism.The system includes 180,846 public institutions and 80,057 private institutions.Hence 31% educational institutes are run by private sector while 69% are public institutes.MDGs and EFA programmes are global commitments of Pakistan for the promotion of literacy.A review of the education system of Pakistan suggests that there has been little change in Pakistan’s schools since 2010, when the 18th Amendment enshrined education as a fundamental human right in the constitution.


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