He represented the 13th district for three terms in the Illinois Senate from 1997 until 2004, when he ran for the U. In 2008, he was nominated for president a year after his campaign began, after a close primary campaign against Hillary Clinton.
He was elected over Republican John Mc Cain and was inaugurated on January 20, 2009.
He won the election and was inaugurated as president on January 20, 2009.
He was re-elected again in 2012 winning the election over republican Mitt Romney.
Later, Barack was raised by his grandparents in Hawaii. Barack graduated from Columbia University in New York in 1983.
After graduating, he had a few different jobs including working at the Developing Communities Project in Chicago, Illinois.
His administration filed briefs that urged the Supreme Court to strike down same-sex marriage bans as unconstitutional (United States v. Hodges); same-sex marriage was fully legalized in 2015 after the Court ruled that a same-sex marriage ban was unconstitutional in Obergefell.
He advocated for gun control in response to the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, indicating support for a ban on assault weapons, and issued wide-ranging executive actions concerning climate change and immigration. Obama nominated three justices to the Supreme Court: Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan were confirmed as justices, while Merrick Garland faced unprecedented partisan obstruction and was ultimately not confirmed.
After winning re-election by defeating Republican opponent Mitt Romney, Obama was sworn in for a second term in 2013.
During this term, he promoted inclusiveness for LGBT Americans.