Before urban centers had developed, the idea of globalization after the second world war was that globalization took place due to the lifting of state restrictions by different nations.
There were national boundaries for the flow of goods and services, concepts and ideas.
Cultural globalization involves the formation of shared norms and knowledge with which people associate their individual and collective cultural identities.
It brings increasing interconnectedness among different populations and cultures.
One attempt to do so was the Cultural Globalization Index, proposed by Randolph Kluver and Wayne Fu in 2004, and initially published by Foreign Policy Magazine.
This effort measured cultural flow by using global trade in media products (books, periodicals, and newspapers) as a proxy for cultural flow.
Technology is an impact that created a bridge that diffused the globalization of culture.
It brings together globalization, urbanization and migration and how it has affected today's trends.
Many writers suggest that cultural globalization is a long-term historical process of bringing different cultures into interrelation.
Jan Pieterse suggested that cultural globalization involves human integration and hybridization, arguing that it is possible to detect cultural mixing across continents and regions going back many centuries.