This type of literature review potentially provides the best evidence in the hierarchy of reviews.A note for those looking to publish: editors often lean towards accepting a meta-analysis article, as it will likely yield more citations for their journal (for more details on this subject, see the article on impact factor).Therefore, by combining the studies and applying statistic methods, you reach a higher statistical power than you would with a single study.
However, a systematic review doesn’t need to include a meta-analysis.
While the meta-analysis and the systematic review usually focus on quantitative studies, integrative review often include a broader spectrum of research.
The 24 identified sources included 8 articles and 16 book contributions from the years 1886 to 1958.
Most sources were published within the first quarter of the 20th century.
The studies in a meta-analysis are usually quantitative in design, with a preference for randomized-controlled trials.
It is important that the studies in a meta-analysis are very similar in their topic, hypothesis and design, so they can be aptly compared.
It includes experimental and non-experimental studies, as well as data from theoretical literature (hence the name integrative or inclusive).
It can be used to define concepts, analyze problems and review theories. […] look at the quality work of others and learn by observing best practices.
Doing a comprehensive literature review is usually a part of any research process.
When you start with your study, you first need to perform a thorough review of previous research so you can build on what is already available.