Hate Crimes Research Paper

Hate Crimes Research Paper-57
Others argue that the disagreement over which subordinate groups to include in the hate crime laws actually causes added discrimination and marginalization.

Others argue that the disagreement over which subordinate groups to include in the hate crime laws actually causes added discrimination and marginalization.

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The current federal hate crime law permits federal prosecution of crimes committed based upon the victim’s race, color, religion, or nation of origin when the victim is engaging in a federally protected activity (e.g., attending a public school; working at a place of employment).

The Local Law Enforcement Hate Crime Prevention Act of 2007 (i.e., the Matthew Shepard Act), which is under consideration as of this writing, would extend the existing federal hate crime law to include crimes based upon the victim’s gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, and disability, and would drop the existing requirement that the victim be involved in a federally protected activity.

Hate crime victimization, 2004–2012 statistical tables (NCJ 244409).

Retrieved from https://gov/content/pub/pdf/hcv0412Paybarah, A., & Cheney, B. NYPD: Hate crimes rise in 2017, led by anti-Semitic incidents.

Hate crime laws in the United States exist at the federal and state levels.

Although federal and state laws differ, most protected characteristics include race, national origin, ethnicity, and religion. Although there are variations in definition, and certainly variations among state hate crime laws, in general a hate crime is considered to be an illegal act against a person, institution, or property that is motivated (in whole or in part) by the offender’s prejudice against the victim’s group membership status. Since then, members of all immigrant groups have been subjected to discrimination, harassment, and violence.A hate crime is a “criminal offense against a person or property motivated in whole or in part by an offender's bias against a race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, ethnicity, gender or gender identity.” Specifically, victims of crimes that are bias-motivated are more likely to experience post-traumatic stress, safety concerns, depression, anxiety and anger than victims of crimes that are not motivated by bias. Paper presented at a congressional briefing co-sponsored by the American Psychological Association and the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues. Psychosocial motivations of hate crime perpetrators: Implications from prevention and policy. Some laws also include sexual orientation, gender, gender identity, and disability.The federal hate crime system includes laws, acts, and data collection statutes. This research paper will present the history of hate crime law, the scope of the problem, the theory and psychology behind hateful/prejudicial behaviors, characteristics of perpetrators and victims, policing hate crime, and responding to and preventing hate crime. The purpose of this research paper is to present the hate crime knowledge that has accumulated over these last decades.Hate crime is defined as an illegal act against a person, institution, or property that is motivated, in whole or in part, by the offender’s bias against the victim’s group membership. Proponents of hate crime laws feel strongly about society making a statement that biased (or hate) crimes will not be tolerated and that serious penalties will be applied to those who commit such crimes.Although hate crime is a relatively new category of crime, the United States has a long history of biased actions against individuals because of their race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, and gender. In addition, these laws are important in order to deter potential hate crime offenders who intentionally target members of subordinate groups.

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