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If you are quoting indirectly as outlined above, page numbers do not need to be used.
While there are some stylistic and institutional variations, Harvard usually follows the format specified in this guide.
In a reference list, sources are listed alphabetically by author's surname.
Learn how to reference in the Harvard style of academic citation with the detailed guide below.
Alternatively, if you are looking for our Harvard Reference Generator then click on the button below: Harvard Reference Generator Example Harvard Style Essay There are two types of citation in Harvard referencing: in-text citations, which are found in the main body of the work and contain a fraction of the full bibliographical information, and reference lists, which are located at the end of the main work and list full information for all sources mentioned within the work.
Once you have decided how to reference, stick with that system throughout your essay.
Two of the most well-known and commonly used referencing methods are Oxford and Harvard referencing.
On any Microsoft Word document, simply click on the ‘Insert’ menu and select ‘Footnote’ (or ‘Reference’ and then choose ‘Footnote’ from the drop-down list).
Tip: Make sure you use a ‘footnote’ to place the reference at the bottom of the page, rather than an ‘endnote’, which will place it at the end of your essay. Coetzee, , Vintage, London, 1998, p.47 Tip: You can usually find the publication date and place on the reverse of the title page inside the book.
Last name, first initial., Last name, first initial., Last name, first initial., and Last name, first initial. When citing a single chapter in a larger book, it is important to ensure that you add the page range (pp.) that the chapter spans. They should be listed in chronological order of publication. Citations for Journal Articles accessed on a website or database In-text citations for an online journal article remain unchanged from the way you would cite a print article. Citations for Newspaper Articles – Print or Online: Newspaper citations are rendered similarly to journal articles when they are found online; the same differences in formatting occur, as the example below illustrates.
When citing an individual chapter, you should also always include the edition of the book in the citation (you do not have to do this for other books unless it is notthe first edition). Where you are citing two works by the same author which were published in the same year, these should be labelled with 'a', 'b', 'c' and so on directly after the year. The citation in the reference list does have a few differences, however.