Gothic Architecture Research Papers

Gothic Architecture Research Papers-35
Geographical situation of the 20 cathedrals being studied: Strasbourg cathedral (1015), Troyes cathedral (1128), Sens cathedral (1135), Noyon cathedral (1150), Senlis cathedral (1153), Laon cathedral (1155), Paris cathedral (1163), Lisieux cathedral (1170), Tours cathedral (1170), Soissons cathedral (1177), Chartres cathedral (1195), Bourges cathedral (1195), Rouen cathedral (1202), Reims cathedral (1211), Auxerre cathedral (1215), Amiens cathedral (1220), Metz cathedral (1220), Orleans cathedral (1278), Toul cathedral (13th century), Sées cathedral (13th–14th century) This sample of cathedrals is considered to be significant in stylistic, chronological and geographical terms.We intend to analyse the constructions geometrically using new parameters which were unknown until now.

Geographical situation of the 20 cathedrals being studied: Strasbourg cathedral (1015), Troyes cathedral (1128), Sens cathedral (1135), Noyon cathedral (1150), Senlis cathedral (1153), Laon cathedral (1155), Paris cathedral (1163), Lisieux cathedral (1170), Tours cathedral (1170), Soissons cathedral (1177), Chartres cathedral (1195), Bourges cathedral (1195), Rouen cathedral (1202), Reims cathedral (1211), Auxerre cathedral (1215), Amiens cathedral (1220), Metz cathedral (1220), Orleans cathedral (1278), Toul cathedral (13th century), Sées cathedral (13th–14th century) This sample of cathedrals is considered to be significant in stylistic, chronological and geographical terms.We intend to analyse the constructions geometrically using new parameters which were unknown until now.

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We must bear in mind that they didn’t have a precise scale to measure fractions smaller than a toise or a foot-length and transport them accurately to bigger units.

Therefore, it was safer to take a geometric outline as the starting point for the construction; for instance a square mesh like the ones used for the Roman and pre-Gothic basilicas and for the Roman fortified camps.

There, the architect abandoned entirely the use of the tribune gallery and introduced the use of simple ribbed vaults.

From the 13th century onward, after these first trials, the Gothic style entered its classical stage.

Gothic art was born in northern France, in a region called “Île de France” to be precise.

Historically, this style was marked by the alliance between the French monarchy and the Catholic Church.In Laon cathedral (1156–1160) and Notre Dame cathedral (1163), the central nave was raised and the light became the dominant element.It was also then that construction of Chartres cathedral began.Since each construction had its very own authorship and circumstances, we have not gone on to compare cathedrals with each other.Instead, we have examined if the design traits and structures of these constructions have a deeper geometrical sense than is known to us yet.).The classic patterns of Euclidean Geometry were used in the construction of the Gothic cathedrals to provide them with proportion and beauty.Still, there is also another complex concept related to them: the un-evenness of their structures, which determines their space-filling ability, that is, their level of roughness.The classical Gothic style was adapted in France into numerous regional ramifications.Our study focuses into a subset of 20 French cathedrals which are predominantly Gothic in style, were built in the region called Île de France between the 11th and 13th centuries, and are representative of the total population of Gothic cathedrals (Fig.Benoit Mandelbrot was the main developer of Fractal Geometry in the late 1970s.His theories have evolved and have been used in several fields including architecture.

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