There are approximately seven instances when it is appropriate to use italics in academic writing.
Italics will likely appear in papers ranging from the arts to the sciences and will serve many functions.
Remember that people used to type their work or write it longhand.
When titles needed to be italicized, italics were represented by underlining. Do NOT use quotation marks, underline, or italics together.
On subsequent references, faculty should be referred to by their surnames only without an honorific title. Jones" or "Professor Smith" should be limited to material directly quoted from a speaker or from another source.) Do not use the abbreviation prof. There are several ranks of faculty (assistant, associate, professor, instructor) and it is important to note that these should not be used interchangeably.
These abbreviations are not necessary when the company name is familiar and the context is clear.It is important to remember that if a punctuation mark (an exclamation or question mark) is included in the title, you must italicize it as well.Titles that should not be italicized are those of religious texts.Even the most experienced writers have a problem remembering the proper punctuation for certain types of titles.Books are italicized (or underlined) and articles are put in quotation marks.However: a long, epic poem that is often published on its own would be treated like a book.When writing about other works, it's hard to decide when to underline (or place in italics) a title and when to place it in double quotations.Italics can be used to ensure readers recognize the word requires emphasis.The effective use of italics in this manner can add flare to writing and indicate more poignant text: Susan yelled, "I microeconomics!The Bible is not italicized, nor are the titles of the books within it.Shorter titles, such as short stories from an anthology, journal articles, and episodes of television shows, cannot stand alone and thus should not be italicized.