What is regarded as a problem by one group may not be perceived in this way by another group in society.
There are many different types of deviance, there is criminal and non-criminal.
When crime becomes dysfunctional is when the crime rate is unusually high or extremely low.
Speed of change in modern society can encourage this temporary unhealthy state to come about.
We can relate this to the human body; each organ is needed to function in order to support the other, just as society is interdependent on each other.
Durkheim suggests that there are two crucial elements in understanding crime, at first these appear to be slightly contradictory.
I aim to look at crime and deviance from a Marxist perspective & a Right Realist perspective. Throughout my assignment I aim to cover just how extensive crime & deviance is in contemporary Britain, also to consider who are the offenders and more so, why do people commit crimes?
I will also be exploring how crime is measured alongside my own opinions on the subject.
Minor offences regarding property for example vandalism & petty theft and the right to life offences e.g. Sociologists use various ways to analyse the way in which crime is measured.
They are victim surveys, which can be National and local surveys, self report studies and official statistics. Deviants are considered those who commit crimes by those who do not commit crimes. Durkheim point of view on crimes was that a crime is a crime because it offended values, not because it was something fundamentally wrong. This deviance is what led to the creation of many jobs in society. If crime and deviance were just accepted into a society without any type of regulating body, it would eventually lead to the destruction of that society. The theory is applicable to many kinds of deviance. The outcome is cultural deviant such as high level of crime rates, drug trafficking, prostitution, robbery, and other related crime activities. The groups are more likely to shift to the crime activities and deviance as a means of obtaining economic thriving.