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Each generation is free to modify the cultural heritage and then transmits it to the next generation. Thus, culture comprises good behaviour patterns of people in the society. Culture is transmitted from generation to generation.
Usually, people form new habits and standards of behavior to become an integral part of society they are to live in.
The next stage differs only in degree of assimilation: that is the mastery of all the components of a new life.
So, there persists a wide gap between the two types of culture.
Famous sociologist Ogburn also finds out two types of culture—material and non-material culture—one progresses and other recedes.
A culture which does not meet the recurring needs and demands of mankind is obsolete and outmoded. As a result, culture gets refined and influences the life styles of individuals.
Thus, there is a cultural synthesis or integration. Having acquired the necessary knowledge and skills, individual gets completely blended into the culture, that seemed to be impossible to adapt to.Ideally, a person learns how to balance between staying faithful to their roots and loving new place they live in.The first stage is best characterized by the word ”honeymoon”. Everything is terrible: starting from the water quality, ending with being frustrated by circadian rhythms, acceptable for the locals.Usually, people tend to enjoy new experiences: meeting new people, tasting local food and learning about different habits. Quite often this stage is accompanied by a number of physiological symptoms: one may experience insomnia, daytime drowsiness, even problems with digestion (for the reason of unusual water and food, that turns from a local specialty into a regular diet).It means engaging into “peace talks”, trying to convince yourself in situation being normal.That’s when an individual pays the most effort to make peace with the circumstances they’ve found themselves in. Mac Iver defines, “Culture is the expression of own nature in our modes of living and of thinking in our everyday intercourse in art, in literature, in religion, in recreation and enjoyments”. Educational and recreational institutions like library, museum, school, cinema, theatre, cultural clubs. Culture is defined by various personalities in a number of ways: According to E. Taylor, “culture as that complex whole which includes knowledge belief, art, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society”. Culture shock is theoretically divided into 5 stages.They are reminiscent of the stages of grief and loss, and represent human way of getting used to dramatic changes.