Essay About Gender Inequality

Essay About Gender Inequality-20
However, multiple studies from OECD, AAUW, and the US Department of Labor have found that pay rates between males and females varied by 5–6.6% or, females earning 94 cents to every dollar earned by their male counterparts, when wages were adjusted to different individual choices made by male and female workers in college major, occupation, working hours, and maternal/parental leave.Human capital theories refer to the education, knowledge, training, experience, or skill of a person which makes them potentially valuable to an employer.Across the board, a number of industries are stratified across the genders. These include differences in education choices, preferred job and industry, work experience, number of hours worked, and breaks in employment (such as for bearing and raising children).

However, multiple studies from OECD, AAUW, and the US Department of Labor have found that pay rates between males and females varied by 5–6.6% or, females earning 94 cents to every dollar earned by their male counterparts, when wages were adjusted to different individual choices made by male and female workers in college major, occupation, working hours, and maternal/parental leave.Human capital theories refer to the education, knowledge, training, experience, or skill of a person which makes them potentially valuable to an employer.Across the board, a number of industries are stratified across the genders. These include differences in education choices, preferred job and industry, work experience, number of hours worked, and breaks in employment (such as for bearing and raising children).

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These factors result in 60% to 75% difference between men's and women's average aggregate wages or salaries, depending on the source.

Various explanations for the remaining 25% to 40% have been suggested, including women's lower willingness and ability to negotiate salary and sexual discrimination.

Some of these distinctions are empirically grounded while others appear to be socially constructed.

Studies show the different lived experience of genders across many domains including education, life expectancy, personality, interests, family life, careers, and political affiliations.

As women enter an occupation, this reduces the amount of prestige associated with the job and men subsequently leave these occupations.

The entering of women into specific occupations suggests that less competent workers have begun to be hired or that the occupation is becoming deskilled.

Gender inequality is experienced differently across different cultures.

There is a natural difference also in the relative physical strengths (on average) of the sexes, both in the lower body and more pronouncedly in the upper-body, though this does not mean that any given man is stronger than any given woman.

This earnings discrimination is considered to be a part of pollution theory.

This theory suggests that jobs which are predominated by women offer lower wages than do jobs simply because of the presence of women within the occupation.

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