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The executive must answer the question of the legislature relating to administration to their satisfaction always tries to remain alert, because this influences its electoral prospects.
Executive power is more spread out among Cabinet ministers unlike in the presidential system where power is focused in the President.
The head of government (prime ministers or chancellors) are rarely as important as a ruling president and policies are formed through Cabinet discussions and approval.
Like all forms of government, there are advantages and disadvantages which shall be discussed below.
As mentioned above, this system has many advantages.
The head of government, who leads day to day affairs of government, is separate with the head of state that has a ceremonious function.
Disadvantages Of Parliamentary System Essays
Some parliamentary nations merge the role of the president and prime minister such as South Africa where the president is also a member of parliament.
Thus the executive have the majority support and votes to pass legislation.
This is important as it usually prevents legislative gridlock especially in passing the government budget and provides quick response in national emergencies.
In a presidential system specifically in the United States of America (US), the time taken to pass a bill can be anywhere from a few weeks to many years. The ease in legislation is due to the structure of this system whereby the majority grouping in the lower house i.e.
the direct representatives of the people forms the executive.