If the learner answers incorrectly, the teacher is supposed to shock the learner, starting at 15 volts and increasing to 450 volts.
With each incorrect answer the teacher is supposed to increase the shock.
We also tend to assume that a large number of people can t all be wrong.
Asch writes, the sheer weight of numbers or authority sufficed to change opinions, even when no arguments for the opinions themselves were provided (p. Stanley Milgram is well known for his work with obedience to authority.
Although the teacher thought that he/she was administering shocks, the learner was actually never harmed.
Milgram s study undermined the theory that only the most sadistic individuals would submit to such cruelty. The single individual who was not privy to this information was the focal point of the experiment. Twelve out of eighteen times the unsuspecting individual went along with the majority, dispelling his beliefs in favor of the opinions of the group. His work, The Perils of Obedience, studied whether average individuals would obey an authority figure, telling them to do something that harms another individual. In his study, the teacher is instructed to read a list of words and ask the learner to recite them back. His research helped illustrate how groups encourage conformity. During a typical experiment, members of the group were asked by the experimenter to claim two obvious mismatched lines were identical. Conformity And Obedience Essay, Research Paper Conformity and Obedience The desire to be accepted and belong to a group is an undeniable human need. Social psychologists have conducted numerous experiments and concluded that, through various forms of social influence, groups can change their members thoughts, feelings, and behavior.In her essay Group Minds, Doris Lessing discusses our paradoxical ability to call ourselves individuals and our inability to realize that groups define and influence us.Responsibility shifts in the minds of the subordinate from himself/herself to the authority figure. There is a purpose for the actions or goals of the authority, and the subordinate is depended upon to meet those goals.