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This guide has been written to support students, writers and researchers by offering clear, well-considered advice on the usage of Chicago citations.We understand that it is easy to inadvertently plagiarize your work under the mounting pressure of expectation and deadlines.Author/Source if no specific author, "Title of web document/page," Website name if different than author name, Date last updated if available.
In-text citations should be presented like so: (Jones and Hughes, 2004, 9). If a book has four or more authors, only the first author's name should be listed in-text followed by 'et al.'. In-text style Last name, first name, Last name, first name and Last name, first name. In text, the author's texts can usually be differentiated by year.
In the reference list/bibliography, you should list all authors. Footnote style Last name, first name, Last name, first name, Last name, first name, and Last name, first name. They should be listed in chronological order of publication. "An examination of Mexican food in popular culture".
Use only the surname of the author followed by the year of publication. 13) would be given in the reference list as: Raidal, Shane R., and Jon Dunsmore. Parasites of Companion Birds: A Survey of Alimentary Tract Parasites in Caged Psittacine Birds with Specific Reference to the Prevalence of Trichomonas Gallinae. Note: When referring to multiple authors within the text and within parentheses, precede the final name with the word and: ...
Include page, chapter, section or paragraph numbers if you need to be specific.
The Chicago Manual of Style/Turabian citation style includes two systems for citations: a notes and bibliography system and the author-date system.
The notes and bibliography system is most commonly used in history courses.
Indentation is actually a choice—the only rule is that you must be consistent. If you quadruple space, the instructor may suspect you're padding your paper.
The Chicago style, when referring to a source of information within the text of a document, in its simplest form, gives a short citation consisting of the name of the author (or authors) and the date of publication. For example, citation for an internet document appearing in the text as: There are many useful materials available (Raidal and Dunsmore 1996, par. as has been demonstrated (Kurtines and Szapocnik, 2003).
Where you are citing two works by the same author which were published in the same year, these should be labelled with 'a', 'b', 'c' and so on directly after the year.
Newspaper or magazine citations are rendered similarly to journal articles; the same differences in formatting occur, as the example below illustrates. 'Article title.' When citing a website, it is important to ascertain authorship of the website – if it's an article on website which is not a newspaper/magazine site or online journal, there may be an individual author; if not, the organisation or website name would be credited with authorship. "An examination of Mexican food in popular culture." Masters thesis.