As you know, there is no scientific basis for the separation of the bloods of different races except on the basis of the individual blood types or groups.” Drew spent the rest of his career as a professor at Howard and the chief of surgery at its Freedmen’s Hospital, training and mentoring African-American surgeons, petitioning medical organizations for equal admission regardless of race, and speaking out against the Red Cross’ discriminatory donation practices.
He was awarded the NAACP’s esteemed Spingarn Medal in 1944 for “the highest and noblest achievement in the preceding year or years” for his plasma collection and distribution efforts. Charles Drew succumbed to his injuries following a car accident in 1950, the same year the American Red Cross ended its policy to segregate blood.
The oldest son of a carpet layer and a teacher, Charles Drew grew up in Washington D. His athletic talents won him a scholarship at Amherst College, where he graduated in 1926.
He dreamed of becoming a doctor and worked as a coach and biology instructor at Morgan University in Baltimore to raise money for medical school after finishing college.
His research served as the basis of his doctorate thesis, “Banked Blood,” and he received his doctorate degree in 1940.
Drew became the first African-American to earn this degree from Columbia. Drew University of Medicine and Science in Los Angeles is named, was a brilliant Black physician, famous for his pioneering work in blood preservation. The intervening years were crowded with achievements, learning and sharing his knowledge to benefit mankind. on June 3, 1904, his life ended in an auto accident just two months before his 46th birthday.Francis Fellowship, based on a competitive examination given annually to the top five students in the graduating class. Drew began postgraduate work and earned his Doctor of Science in Surgery degree at Columbia University. Charles Drew did not make much money but he was a generous man. Drew made what he considered his greatest contribution to medicine: teaching and helping to certify hundreds of Black surgeons.His doctoral thesis, "Banked Blood: A Study in Blood Preservation" was based on an exhaustive study of blood preservation techniques, which began at Mc Gill University. They had four children: Bebe, Charlene, Rhea, and Charles. But there was a problem: only two medical schools in the United States accepted African-American students.Howard University rejected him, and Harvard deferred him for a year, so he took his dream of becoming a physician to Montreal’s Mc Gill University, where he graduated in 1933, second in his class, with a Doctor of Medicine and a Master of Surgery.It was while he was engaged in research at Columbia's Presbyterian Hospital that his ultimate destiny in serving mankind was shaped. In 1944, he received the Spingarn Medal from the NAACP for his work on British and American Projects. The military emergency of World War II, demanding a vital need for information and procedures to preserve blood, made Dr. As the European war scene became more violent, and the need for blood plasma intensified, Dr. Drew resigned his position with the American Red Cross Blood Bank after the War Department sent out a directive stating that blood taken from white donors should not be mixed with that of Black donors. Virginia State College conferred upon him an honorary Doctor of Science in 1945, and his alma mater Amherst conferred the same degree in 1947. Drew was motoring with three colleagues to the annual meeting of the John A. Drew was selected to become full-time Medical Director of the Blood for Britain Project. Andrews Clinical Association in Tuskegee, Alabama, when he was killed in a one-car accident. In February 1941, he was appointed Director of the first American Red Cross Blood Bank in charge of blood for use by the U. The automobile struck the soft shoulder of the road and overturned. Drew, who was severely injured, was rushed to a nearby hospital in Burlington, North Carolina.