The accusers were especially sensitive and pushed over the line into pathology but "their behavior clearly struck an answering chord in a much larger group of people." (p. Witchspeak: words meant to do harm We continue wrestling with the same difficulties: "disputes persist about words as deeds and words as mere air" Bailey concludes with the usual scholarly "we know about this, why don't those historians, but maybe we should investigate this historical time period more closely" 2) Hall, David D, review in The Journal of American History, Sept. 754-755 "The people of the seventeenthcentury Mass.
regarded speech, or the spoken word, as the foundational means by which God revealed himself to mankind." yet speech has its dark subversive underside, hence the desire to regulate it.
Drawing upon an impressive range of unpublished local sources, Paul Boyer and Stephen Nissenbaum provide a challenging new interpretation of the outbreak of witchcraft in Salem Village...
A major contribution to the social history of colonial New England... William and Many Quarterly Prologue: What happened in 1692 -- 1692 : some new perspectives -- In quest of community, 1639-1687 -- Afflicted village, 1688-1697 -- Salem Town and Salem Village : the dynamics of factional conflict -- Two families : the Porters and the Putnams -- Joseph and his brothers : a story of the Putnam family -- Samuel Parris : a pilgrim in Bethlehem -- Witchcraft and social identity -- Epilogue: To the eighteenth century."The stark immediacy of what happened in 1692 has obscured the complex web of human passion which had been growing for more than a generation before building toward the climactic witch trials.
Salem Possessed explores the lives of the men and women who helped spin that web and who in the end found themselves entangled in it."--Back cover.
What does the witch episode tell us about "underlying social tensions in colonial New England? More Town side are anti-Parris, more Village side are pro-Parris. Village faction lines develop along those who identify/side with Town and those who don't.) "First and definitely foremost in the minds of most New Englanders was the idea that witches gave free rein to a whole gamut of hostile aggressive feelings. ) aggressive impulses, (and covetousness), not libidinal ones also projection (cf." "Another important facet of the lives of witches was their activity in company with each other." (p. Boyer/Nissenbaum) he then proceeds to discuss orality but really he sounds like he is NOT an expert re: other cultures: "They report that witchcraft belief is powerfully correlated with the training a society imposes on young children in regard to the control of aggressive impulses. Puritans enacted Deuteronomy: filial rebellion is a capital crime, though no one was killed and few tried.Encoding has been done through automated and manual processes using the recommendations for Level 2 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. "The stark immediacy of what happened in 1692 has obscured the complex web of human passion which had been growing for more than a generation before building toward the climactic witch trials. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1974(OCo LC)565318997Online version: Boyer, Paul S. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1974(OCo LC)608390033Prologue: What happened in 1692 -- 1692 : some new perspectives -- In quest of community, 1639-1687 -- Afflicted village, 1688-1697 -- Salem Town and Salem Village : the dynamics of factional conflict -- Two families : the Porters and the Putnams -- Joseph and his brothers : a story of the Putnam family -- Samuel Parris : a pilgrim in Bethlehem -- Witchcraft and social identity -- Epilogue: To the eighteenth century.That is, wherever this training is severe and restrictive, there is a strong likelihood that the culture will make much of witchcraft." (p. Hmm...maybe Salem looms large because humans, at least western post-18th cent. We just keep writing about it and writing about it, and one idea sparks another..maybe guys are fascinated when women go berserk...) , Vol. Deference rules, but if the Calvinist belief means all have "equal access to divine truth" then all can speak.130) And then he wanders off into breastfeeding again...oy! Public repentance included repeating the offending speech!"neither New England society nor the seventeenth-century personality provided satisfactory outlets for man's agressive tendancies." How does the relationship between land distribution and family structure feed into group conflict? 118) Accusers, at least in court as might be expected, were men (representing women, though) "What appears to have been common to nearly all these people, irrespective of their economic positions, was some kind of personal eccentricity, some deviant or even criminal behavior that had long since marked them out as suspect." (p.121) That integrates well with Wall and the importance of reputation/adherance to community values "Nearly all the people involved came from the southern half of the town." (p. Summary: 1) witches age: middle; accuser's ages: younger generation 2) witches were deviants 3) charges involved neighbors "That there was a great deal of contentiousness among these people is suggested by innumerable court cases from the period, dealing with disputes about land, lost cattle, trespass, debt, and so forth.Kamensky focuses on three episodes: initial decade of settlement, restlessness of second generation youth which coincides with Quaker challenge to orthodoxy, and Salem. 3, 671-672 The colonies proscribed speech while trying to free it to be more Godly.Concluding chapter: transition to 18th century indifference He doesn't buy her argument that women's speech was especially disruptive. (Here's an example of adaptation in new world environment!