Are Pressure Groups Good Or Bad For Democracy Essay

The Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade was led by William Wilberforce and Thomas Clarkson and successfully campaigned for the abolition of the slave trade.

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They complement and supplement electoral democracy in two main ways: first, by providing an important mechanism by which citizens can influence government between elections; and second by enabling opinions to be weighed as well as counted. Consultation with affected groups is the rational way to make decisions in a free society.

It makes government more efficient by enhancing the quality of the decision making process – the information and advice provided by groups helps to improve the quality of government policy and legislation.

Pressure groups improve participation, but in an unequal way, benefiting the well organised but disadvantaging the weakly organised.

In this sense, they work against – not in favour of – the public interest.

For some, pressure groups are a fundamental part of democracy.

To others, pressure groups undermine the whole principle of democracy.

Pressure group activity gives people hope that they can make a difference. The ruling class would rather that people put their energies into pressure group activities, which do not question the fundamentals of the system than into political activity, which seriously challenges the right of the elite to govern.

The in-egalitarian way that some groups operate increases social discontent and political instability by intensifying the sense of social frustration and injustice felt by disadvantaged and excluded sections of the population.

This is a good thing as everyone as a whole is being accepted and a broad range of people’s rights are being considered including minorities.

This is very democratic as everyone is accounted for and everyone’s interest are represented in decision making whether you are involved or inactive. This is defined as pluralism, as they spread power more evenly and widely.


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