Apa Referencing For Essays

APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). Teaching native speakers to listen to foreign-accented speech. If the author is not known, use the title and the date as the in-text citation (for long titles just use the first few words). Below are examples of using in-text citation with web pages. Group as author: First citation: (American Psychological Association [APA], 2015) Subsequent citation: (APA, 2015) Multiple works: (separate each work with semi-colons) Research shows that listening to a particular accent improves comprehension of accented speech in general (Gass & Varonis, 1984; Krech Thomas, 2004).

For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 23(4), 245-259. Your in-text citation should lead your reader to the corresponding entry in the reference list. Web page with author: In-text citation Role-play can help children learn techniques for coping with bullying (Kraiser, 2011). Direct quote: (include page number and place quotation marks around the direct quote) One study found that “the listener's familiarity with the topic of discourse greatly facilitates the interpretation of the entire message” (Gass & Varonis, 1984, p. Gass and Varonis (1984) found that “the listener’s familiarity with the topic of discourse greatly facilitates the interpretation of the entire message” (p. Note: For direct quotations of more than 40 words, display the quote as an indented block of text without quotation marks and include the authors’ names, year, and page number in parentheses at the end of the quote.

As Calhoun, Keller, and Litner point out, “Income –based rankings are not the only measure of development” (p. The next time you reference the source, name only the first author, followed by “et al.” in place of the other names.

Although income-based rankings are important, the “are not the only measure of development” (Calhoun et al., 1997, p.

However, when you are citing a particular document or piece of information from a website, include both a reference list entry and an in-text citation.

The key to creating the reference list entry is to determine the type of content on the web page. Retrieved from The in-text citation includes the author and date (Author, date), as with any other APA Style citation.

These corrections have been incorporated into a second printing of the Publication Manual.

The Meriam Library's copies of the Publication Manual are both from the second printing.

For a passing reference to a website in text, the URL is sufficient; no reference list entry is needed.

Gussie Fink-Nottle has set up a discussion forum for newt fanciers (


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