These techniques allow clinicians to visualize structures inside the living body such as a cancerous tumor or a fractured bone.Like most scientific disciplines, anatomy has areas of specialization.Human anatomy is the scientific study of the body’s structures.
These techniques allow clinicians to visualize structures inside the living body such as a cancerous tumor or a fractured bone.Tags: Research Proposal On Consumer BehaviourExample Research Proposal For PhdReadymade Duchamp EssayMy First English Class EssaysEssay Writing At Postgraduate LevelFor HypthesisCase Studies In Law SchoolInternet Censorship ThesisMarket Analysis And Research Paper
In contrast, systemic anatomy is the study of the structures that make up a discrete body system—that is, a group of structures that work together to perform a unique body function.
For example, a systemic anatomical study of the muscular system would consider all of the skeletal muscles of the body.
Gross anatomy is the study of the larger structures of the body, those visible without the aid of magnification (Figure 1a).
Macro- means “large,” thus, gross anatomy is also referred to as macroscopic anatomy.
Like anatomists, physiologists typically specialize in a particular branch of physiology.
For example, neurophysiology is the study of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves and how these work together to perform functions as complex and diverse as vision, movement, and thinking.
Later, physicians were allowed to dissect bodies of the dead to augment their knowledge.
When a body is dissected, its structures are cut apart in order to observe their physical attributes and their relationships to one another.
As the technology of microscopes has advanced, anatomists have been able to observe smaller and smaller structures of the body, from slices of large structures like the heart, to the three-dimensional structures of large molecules in the body. (b) Microscopic anatomy can deal with the same structures, though at a different scale.
This is a micrograph of nerve cells from the brain. (credit a: “Writer Hound”/Wikimedia Commons; credit b: Micrograph provided by the Regents of University of Michigan Medical School © 2012) Anatomists take two general approaches to the study of the body’s structures: regional and systemic.